Atatürk opened an artificial silk factory in Gemlik

Atatürk Acti Artificial Silk Factory

January 31 is the 31st day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days left before the end of the year is 334.

Railways

  • January 31, 1927 The hotel and restaurant Patisserie at Ankara station opens.
  • January 31, 2009 Şişhane and Atatürk Auto Industry extensions started serving.

Olaylar

  • 1729 – The first book in Turkey, the dictionary named Sıhahi Cevheri (Vankulu) written by Mehmet Bin Mustafa (Vanlı) is published. İbrahim Müteferrika had established the first Turkish printing press in his mansion in Sultanselim, Istanbul.
  • 1747 – The first venereal disease clinic opens in London.
  • 1790 – Ottoman-Prussian alliance.
  • 1865 – The United States House of Representatives passes a law prohibiting slavery.
  • 1876 ​​- In the United States, all Indians in the country are forced to live in special areas reserved for them, called Indian reservations.
  • 1915 – World War I: Germany uses poison gas against the Russians.
  • 1927 – End of Allied control over Germany; Subsequently, the League of Nations will supervise the rearmament of Germany.
  • 1928 – Turkish Education Association (TED) is founded in Ankara.
  • 1928 – 30 opposition leaders in the Soviet Union are exiled to Almaty. Among those who went into exile was Leon Trotsky.
  • 1930 – Scotch is introduced to the market by the 3M company.
  • 1931 – Creation of the Ministry of Customs and Monopoly.
  • 1931 – Cultural Review, Illustrated Moon firm.
  • 1931 – Editor-in-chief Arif Oruç and editor-in-chief of Yarim newspaper are each sentenced to over a year in prison in Izmit.
  • 1934 – Nâzım Hikmet, Nail Vahtedi, Tosun Ömer and Yonga Ömer are sentenced to five years in prison.
  • 1938 – Atatürk opens an artificial silk factory in Gemlik.
  • 1942 – Students are banned from smoking and wearing engagement rings.
  • 1943 – During the Battle of Stalingrad, the commander of Nazi Germany’s 6th Army, Generalfeldmarschall Friedrich Paulus, surrenders to Soviet troops.
  • 1946 – According to the new Yugoslav Constitution inspired by the USSR, the country consists of six republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.
  • 1950 – United States President Harry S. Truman announces he is leading a hydrogen bomb development program.
  • 1952 – During the official visit of Greek Foreign Minister Sofoklis Venizelos to Turkey, it was decided to establish the Turkish-Greek Friendship Association.
  • 1953 – More than 1800 people died in the North Sea floods in the Netherlands alone.
  • 1956 – The law on “the registration of children outside the lineage” is voted in Parliament.
  • 1956 – Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
  • 1958 – Explorer 1, the United States’ first successful satellite, entered orbit around the Earth.
  • 1961 – Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion resigns.
  • 1961 – Ahmet Emin Yalman, Country He left the newspaper.
  • 1964 – The III. The London Conference dissolved without any result after 15 days of work.
  • 1965 – The Department of Health issues a statement; The average lifespan in Turkey is 33 years.
  • 1966 – 2400 workers go on strike at the Paşabahçe bottle and glass factory.
  • 1968 – The Vietcong launches a major offensive; The US Embassy in Saigon was occupied for 6 hours.
  • 1968 – TRT Ankara Television started trial broadcasting.
  • 1971 – Another milestone in manned lunar travel; Apollo 14 was launched. Mission astronauts: Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa.
  • 1973 – Cetin Altan was asked to be imprisoned for 4.5 years; 3 police officers who beat cartoonist Turhan Selçuk have been sentenced to prison.
  • 1973 – The law establishing State Security Courts is passed.
  • 1974 – Halil Tunç was elected chairman of Türk-İş, which was freed by the death of Seyfi Demirsoy.
  • 1976 – Progressive Women’s Association (İKD) organizes “End Child Suffering” rally in Ankara. 5 thousand people attended the rally.
  • 1978 – 20,000 unpaid miners in Zonguldak started the resistance.
  • 1980 – Events in Tariş: Resistance in Tariş ends, workers return to work. On January 22, security forces tried to enter Tariş companies on the grounds of a search and 600 workers were arrested.
  • 1985 – Prime Minister Turgut Özal announced that a thermal power plant would be established in Gökova.
  • 1986 – Police officer Sedat Caner, who confessed to being tortured, surrendered to the Ankara prosecutor’s office.
  • 1986 – Populist Social Democratic Party (SHP) MP for İçel, Fikri Sağlar, said more than 5 people had “disappeared” in 800 years in Turkey.
  • 1990 – Muammer Aksoy, chairman of the Association of Ataturkist Thought and Turkish Legal Institution, was shot dead outside his house in Ankara at the age of 73.
  • 1990 – USSR chess champion Gary Kasparov defeats compatriot Anatoli Karpov to become world chess champion.
  • 1990 – The first McDonald’s is opened in Moscow.
  • 1996 – A truck loaded with explosives explodes after hitting the gates of the Central Bank of Colombo (Sri Lanka): at least 86 people are killed and 1,400 injured.
  • 2000 – A passenger plane belonging to Alaska Airlines crashes in the Pacific Ocean: 88 people are killed.
  • 2004 – 6 zeros of TL and Turkish State Mint New Turkish Lira The law, which provides for this, has been published in the Official Journal.
  • 2005 – A lawsuit is filed against world-famous pop star Michael Jackson for assaulting a 13-year-old boy.
  • 2005 – Turkish troops in Afghanistan take over Kabul International Airport.
  • 2006 – İrfan Dündar, one of Abdullah Öcalan’s lawyers, said he had submitted his client’s request for retrial to the 11th High Criminal Court in Ankara, which is authorized in this regard.
  • 2008 – In an unlicensed building in the Zeytinburnu district of Istanbul, sparklers burned and Kazan natural gas23 people died and 120 people were injured in the incident that occurred with the explosion of the fire.
  • 2020 – The United Kingdom leaves the European Union.[1] (see: exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union)

births

  • 1620 – Georg Friedrich, German and Dutch field marshal (died 1692)
  • 1624 – Arnold Geulincx, French Cartesian thinker (d. 1669)
  • 1763 – Jens Esmark, Danish-Norwegian professor of mineralogy (died 1839)
  • 1769 – André-Jacques Garnerin, French aviator and inventor of the rimless parachute (died 1823)
  • 1797 – Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (died 1828)
  • 1799 – Rodolphe Töpffer, Swiss author, teacher, painter, draftsman and comic (died 1846)
  • 1858 – André Antoine, French actor, director, writer, critic (died 1943)
  • 1865 – Henri Desgrange, French racing cyclist and sportscaster (died 1940)
  • 1868 – Theodore Richards, American chemist (died 1928)
  • 1869 – Henri Carton de Wiart, 23rd Prime Minister of Belgium (died 1951)
  • 1869 Wilhelm Heye, German soldier (died 1947)
  • 1881 – Irving Langmuir, Nobel Prize-winning American chemist (died 1957)
  • 1884 – Mehmed Emin Resulzade, founder of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (died 1955)
  • 1884 – Theodor Heuss, West Germany’s first president (died 1963)
  • 1892 – Eddie Cantor, American singer, comedian, dancer, and actor (died 1964)
  • 1893 – Arkady Plastov, Russian Soviet painter, one of the pioneers of the socialist realism movement (died 1972)
  • 1894 – Kurt Blome, Nazi scientist (died 1969)
  • 1896 – Sofia Yanovskaya, Soviet mathematician and historian (died 1966)
  • 1907 – John O’Hara, American author (died 1970)
  • 1910 – Faruk Kenç, Turkish director (died 2000)
  • 1911 – Baba Vanga, Bulgarian female priest (died 1996)
  • 1918 – Kerim Korcan, Turkish writer (died 1990)
  • 1923 – Norman Mailer, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize winner (died 2007)
  • 1929 – Jean Simmons, British-American actress and comedian (died 2010)
  • 1929 – Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist and Nobel laureate in physics (died 2011)
  • 1933 – Bernardo Provenzano, Italian crime lord (died 2016)
  • 1934 – Mohammed Taki Misbah Yazdi, Iranian politician (died 2021)
  • 1935 – Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese novelist and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature
  • 1936 – Can Bartu, Turkish football player (legendary football player of Fenerbahce) (died 2019)
  • 1937 – Philip Glass, American composer
  • 1937 – Suzanne Pleshette, American actress (died 2008)
  • 1938 – Beatrix, Queen of the Netherlands
  • 1942 – Derek Jarman, English director (died 1994)
  • 1942 – Zeynep Kerman, Turkish literature scholar and scholar
  • [1945-TemelGürsurdirectorproducersscreenwriterturkishactoranddubber[1945-TemelGürsuréalisateurproducteurscénaristeacteuretdoubleurturc
  • 1947 – Bernard Guignedoux, French footballer and manager (died 2021)
  • 1951 – Selma Güneri, Turkish film and sound artist
  • 1961 – Fatih Kısaparmak, Turkish composer and performer
  • 1961 – Filiz Kerestecioğlu, Turkish lawyer and politician
  • 1961 – Latif Demirci, Turkish cartoonist
  • 1963 – Ergün Poyraz, Turkish writer and researcher
  • 1964 – Jeff Hanneman, American musician and guitarist of the band Slayer (died 2013)
  • 1970 – Minnie Driver, English actress and singer
  • 1981 – Justin Timberlake, American pop singer and actor
  • 1982 – Salvatore Masiello, Italian footballer
  • 1982 – Allan James McGregor, Scottish goalkeeper
  • 1982 – Elena Paparizou, Greek singer

Armed

  • 1398 – Sukō, third claimant from the North during the Nanboku-chō period in Japan (b. 1334)
  • 1435 – Xuande, fifth Ming dynasty emperor of China (b. 1399)
  • 1606 – Guy Fawkes, English rebel soldier (b. 1570)
  • 1644 – Kemankeş Kara Mustafa Pasha, Ottoman statesman (born?)
  • 1788 – Charles Edward Stuart, second Jacobite claimant to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland (b. 1720)
  • 1828 – Alexandros Ipsilantis, Greek Commander (b. 1792)
  • 1854 – Silvio Pellico, Italian patriot, poet and playwright (born 1788)
  • 1882 – James Spriggs Payne, Liberian politician (b. 1819)
  • 1888 – Giovanni Bosco, Italian educator, author and Catholic priest (b. 1815)
  • 1914 – Recaizade Mahmud Ekrem, Turkish writer (b. 1847)
  • [1945-AmericanprivateerEddieSlovik(theonlyAmericansoldierexecutedfordesertionduringWWII)(bornin1920)[1945-EddieSlovikcorsaireaméricain(leseulsoldataméricainexécutépourdésertionpendantlaSecondeGuerremondiale)(néen1920)
  • 1946 – İsmail Hakkı İzmirli, Turkish philosopher and historian of Islamic philosophy (b. 1869)
  • 1954 – Edwin Armstrong, American electrical engineer and inventor (b. 1890)
  • 1956 – AA Milne, English writer (b. 1882)
  • 1969 – Stoyan Zagorchinov, Bulgarian writer (born in 1889)
  • 1973 – Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist and Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1974 – Samuel Goldwyn, American filmmaker (b. 1882)
  • 1974 – Ekrem Cemilpaşa, Kurdish politician (born in 1891)
  • 1982 – Melih Vassaf, Turkish critic and playwright (b. 1927)
  • 1984 – Pembe Marmara, Turkish Cypriot poet (b. 1925)
  • 1990 – Muammer Aksoy, Turkish lawyer and politician (born in 1917)
  • 2005 – İsmail Hakkı Şen, Turkish actor (born in 1927)
  • 2006 – Moira Shearer, Scottish actress and ballerina (born 1926)
  • 2006 – George Koval, American spy, scientist and candidate (b. 1913)
  • 2015 – Tomás Bulat, Argentinian economist, journalist and writer (born in 1964)
  • 2016 – Celal Aliyev, Azerbaijani academician, biologist and politician (b. 1928)
  • 2016 – Ülkü Ülker, Turkish actress and singer (born in 1950)
  • 2020 – Mary Higgins Clark, American short story writer and novelist (born 1927)

Holidays and special occasions

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